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Extracts of physics’ long-term graduation works

Students of the branch of study “technické lyceum” make a graduation thesis of physics. The branch of study called „technické lyceum“ was founded on The Secondary school of Telecommunication and Broadcasting Technologies (in Czech “Střední průmyslová škola sdělovací techniky” - SPŠST Panská) in Panská street in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. „Technické lyceum“ means the branch of study focused on teaching technical subjects like math, physics, chemistry, information technology, CAD, descriptive geometry, electrical engineering and mechanics. Students, who are studying this branch, are preparing themself for studying at technical university.

The obligatory part of the graduation is practical work which can be made as a paper. This kind of work is very important and useful for students because they learn how to write professional paper, use technical terms and terminology. They get (or chose with consent of their teacher) assignment of their work in June or in September and they can work on their topic till next April. They can use the Internet, library and they can ask their teacher. Their work has two parts: theoretical and practical. Theoretical part of paper describes the history of foundation, the theoretical base and the basic principles. Practical part includes some measurements and their results, the making of some machine, the making of gadgets for educations of physics, …

Students present their works in May to the committee.

There are short annotations of some of physics’ papers on this website. Short extracts of students’ thesis are in Czech.

Class 09L

Michal Cihlář: Particle detectors

Physical principles of particle detectors aren´t usually too complex. Complex is only the production technology demanding high accuracy. Nevertheless, it is possible to make some detectors with simple tools. The thesis describes the physical principles of detectors and instructions for making one of them. The thesis also involves description of problems which may occur during the construction.

Extract from a thesis.

Leona Červová: Human senses in experiments

The work includes the theory of human senses in terms of physics. It combines theory physics given meaning with a detailed description from the perspective of biology. There are presented various defects of the senses. Finally, it listed a series of experiments that demonstrate these senses . This work should help everyone to understand how work our organ, thanks to which we perceive the surroundings.

Extract from a thesis.

Tomáš Dvořáček, Pavel Skala, Vojtěch Spilka: Výroba elektrické energie

This work describes basic principles of electric power generation based on mechanical energy of water or air flow, nuclear energy, solar energy and thermal energy. Each of principle is describe using physical low and there are written advantages and disadvantages in this work. Electric power generation based on mechanical energy of air flow is shown by Windbelt.

Extract from a thesis.

Marek Fousek: Výroba didaktických pomůcek do výuky fyziky

Work is focused on the production and description of unusual models, which can be used to demonstrate physical phenomena from different fields oh physics. Each model is described production process and parts or materials required for their manufacture. The work is accompanied by photos of models.

Extract from a thesis.

Jan Kučera, Libor Zíka: The design and characteristics of rovers

The aim of our project is not only developing knowledge during the creation of our work, but also showing the importance the solar energy can have nowadays. With regard to other energy sources, this is an inexhaustible one – thereby mankind should seek more possiblities of its research and practical use. We hope that our work will be the illustration of the use of solar energy not only in practice, but also in design and assembling. We also want to ensure that our work is not only useful, but also informative and that it could be further used as an educational material for other students.

Ukázka maturitní práce.

Jaroslav Skala: Physical experiments with exponential dependence of physical quantities

The work deals with the description of physical experiments which are characterized by exponential dependence of physical quantities. The measured data are explained by physical theory. The selected experiments are described with mathematics.

Extract from a thesis.

Filip Šváb: The standby sources of electrical power

The work describes the standby sources of electrical power. The first part of the work introduces the types, the physical principles of their work and the advantages or rather the disadvantages of each of them. The practical part contains the results of the volume range measurement of the standby sources of electrical power in different types of buildings (hospital, factory, …).

Extract from a thesis.

Class 09M

Přemysl Černý: Dlouhodobá měření

Flower Safeguard is a comprehensive software application which enables the user, using measuring devices of Vernier company, to watch f. e. a temperature of the air in the room, change of moving objects in the room etc. The measured data are immediately sent to the server where they are checked, and defined messages are sent to the user’s e-mail. The application can receive data from several devices in the same time with a possibility of creation more users on the server, … Its control is convenient even for lesser experienced users.

Extract from a thesis.

Michal Friedrich, Lukáš Hulínský: Applied cybernetics and robotics

This absolvent’s project is dedicated to the creation of a working tower crane model using complex knowledge we gained during our studies. Individual parts of the project adress different aspects of the problem, including a conceptual part, the physical construction, the electric circuit design, the computer software programming, as well as following technical documentation and analysis. A different variety of software was used in order to simplify our task. Also included is a brief historical background of the different science disciplines our project builds upon.

Extract from a thesis.

Class 07A

Matěj Doležal, Michael Křeček: Transmitter

This work describes and shows us the capability to transfer a signal via the infrared diode. The work is divided in two parts: remote control and receiver. The transmitter uses RC5 protocol, which is used widely in all Europe. Our remote control meets all requirements that normal remote controls do. The receiver decodes whole data frame and filters bits that we need to recognize which button was pressed. It uses the remote control as a keybord for the security lock, which is included in the receiver. All information are shown on the two line display and it also works as a main pointer that shows us it's full functionality.

Extract from a thesis.

Class 07D

Adam Auersvald, Tomáš Balihar: Music acoustics

This work named „Music acoustics“ was made like long-term leaving exam work. Work is focused on the analysis and following comparation of one tone played by five different instruments. In the work there are also described and explained important physical phenomena and basic terms with sound itself connected.

Extract from a thesis.

Ondřej Kubát, Jan Petřík: Film trics

Thesis was created as an interactive presentation with video demonstrations of commonly used film tricks. The work consists of theoretical and practical parts. In the theoretical part, the basic principles of film tricks, how to produce them and describe their origin. This entails a detailed description of the human eye, which plays movies in a very important role. The practical part includes examples of most popular short film tricks, along with explanations of their origin and warnings on their use in the film, which broadens the horizons of audiences.

Extract from a thesis.

Tomáš Novotný, Marek Pála: Optical devices

The documet is aimed at summarizing of the basic optical device features and explaining of the principle and development of binocular. Part of it is also the model of Newton miracle binocular put together from commonly accesible parts.

Extract from a thesis.

Class 07L

Michal Aschermann: Hydraulics mechanisms

This work contains theoretical analysis of the basic parts of hydraulics network. The theoretical part of this work explains how every part works. Multiplying pressure in hydraulic cylinder, adhesive force of seal and analysis progression of hydraulic cylinder at the hydraulic cushioning of the end position is measured in the practical part. This analysis was done using Vernier system and stroboscopic camera.

Extract from a thesis.

David Březina: Cooling of modern processors

This work was done in order to determine the operating characteristics and performance of modern processors. It contains the CPU temperature measurement and consumption of several types of cooling under different conditions. Offers a guide to overclock processor using BIOS, even for less experienced users.

Extract from a thesis.

David Ernst: Cinematography

The main goal is to provide basic information about the movie projection in theaters, both the classic 35 mm film, as well as digital and stereoscopic projection. Part of the work described the IMAX projection system, the largest film format, which has never been surpassed.

Extract from a thesis.

Dennis Hemmer: Physical description of human senses

This graduation work is focused on responses of human senses, mainly sight and hearing. Physiological human senses, especially their structure and function are described in the theoretical part. The second part includes the production of devices for measuring the response time and its description. This practical part also includes measurements and compared data with specialized publications dealing with this issue. The main goal of this work was to collect own measured data processed and compared with results in medical literature.

Extract from a thesis.

Jan Huněk: Physical tasks from sci-fi literature

The work contains selected sci-fi novels and stories with interesting physical themes. The part of the work is short C.V. of the author, the short description of story of the book, examples of various physical problems related to worked topics and pictures. In the conclusion there are presented the correct answeres to the question and solved exercises. The work should serve as a suppliment to trash out a themes and make the physics lessons more pleasant.

Extract from a thesis.

Vojtěch Kůrka: Applications of physics

The purpose of this graduation project is to create an educational tool for teaching physics. The basis is a web presentation used to display content, which consists from examples of practical applications of physics. There is also an interface for easy edition of content via forms.

Extract from a thesis.

David Žďárský: Applications of transformation of energy

This work describes transformation of solar and thermal energy into electrical energy. The theoretical part of this work is described how Peltier´s and solar cells work. Practical part consists of construction of two small cars that are showing the above mentioned transformation, and measurements of electrical voltage, electrical current and speed in both cars.

Extract from a thesis.

Class 05L

Eduard Binko, Jan Boháč: Electrical engineering kit

Purposes of work were an extension of readers‘ knowledge in electrotechnics. The work describes basic terms and principles in electrotechnics, the knowledge of which is required for study at High school. The work contains also a self-made model of a contact field. On this model the readers can verify validity of principles included in this work. The work introduces principles of electrotechnic elements and their practical use. There are also several solved examples in this work, which serve for better understanding of defined problems. The whole work should be used as a supplementary component in physics study at High school.

Extract from a thesis.

Erik Flídr, Ondřej Srb: Power generation

The work contains theoretic part, where all modes of operation of electric current are described, and models for demonstration of its production. This theme we chose be-cause of today’s usage in profession. Today it’s hard to imagine life without electricity and mode of it‘s operation is a good theme for workmanship.

Extract from a thesis.

Marek Fojtík: Water mills

This work presents historical and technical view on water mills and related water turbines. The practical part of the project will be a pattern demonstrating basic principles of water mills. This pattern will works as an utility for students to understand physical principles of water mills.

Extract from a thesis.

Martin Hlavík: From tom - tom till GPS

This graduation work contains basic informations and principle about communications systems and basic principles their activities since those the oldiest over those newest. Part of work is exhibit one of piece communication’s system like functional model.

Extract from a thesis.

Dominik Impseil: Human eye

The project is consisted of teoretical analyse of human eye and its eventual defects. The practical part of this project is a pattern of human eye, which shows solutions of near-sighted and long-sighted eye.

Extract from a thesis.

Roman Kačírek: Collection of Solved Problems in Physics

This project is consisted of unconventional assignments of tasks in physics with detailed solutions and correct results. The goal of the work is to motivate students to studying physics. Tasks are lined up according to the topics and by one topic they are lined up by the subjects that have something to do with the tasks.

Extract from a thesis.

Jiří Meloun, Milan Vodehnal: Physics in movies

This product contains extracts from films with physical topics. Part of the work is physical analysis of these extracts, picture gallery and videos. The product should serve as a supplement in education of physics and making the lessons more enjoyable.

Extract from a thesis.

Zbyněk Pitra: Elektromagnetic radiation

The project is focused on electromagnetic radiation. Essential part of the project was to create aplets in program system Mathematica, in which are demonstrated some of the characteristics of the electromagnetic radiation.

Extract from a thesis.

Notebooks of program system Mathematica: Graphs of Doppler's effect, Vizualization of Doppler's effect, Refractive index, Vizualization of synchrotron and Electromagnetic radiation from synchrotron.

Marek Procházka: Oscillating motion in physics

Work is sight on flutter in physics. Contain fundamental view mechanical oscillator (spring, different sorts of pendulum), sound wave and its-utilize practically, fundamental principles electromagnetic oscillation and wave.

Extract from a thesis.

Vojtěch Uhlíř: Desktop computer

The contents of this work are a physical and practical analysis of today’s desktop computer. The result is the explanation of principles how the computer work. A handbook with question and answers is attached. It should make teaching physics or ICT easier.

Extract from a thesis.

Class 03K

Viktor Adler: Vacuum tube preamplifier

There is a necessary theory how to understand functions and activities of electron tubes in this thesis. A great part is devoted to the structural arrangement of this tubes and to their basic connections in the simple equipments. The end of this thesis is devoted to the practical construction of the simple electron tube preamplifier that is suitable for the treatment of the signal from the electric guitar.

Extract from a thesis.

Michael Brabec: Physical unit named after famous physicists

This work completes informations about the International System of Units, chooses some units and writes about its author. Some biographies consists short stories about physicist life. Another objective is to create models, where could be units showed. Models could be used as teaching aid.

Extract from a thesis.

Ondřej Hofierka: Tesla's coil

The project is focused on Tesla coil. Essential part of the project was to create functional Tesla coil, which one can use in a physics curriculum to better demonstrate experiments dealing with electrotechnics. The project also includes detailed text with theoretical characteristics of Tesla coil, and shows experiments which one can do with the coil.

Extract from a thesis.

Jakub Jansa: Cars

This paperwork is concerned with description and explanation of function of all main parts in the passenger cars. First of all there are mentioned car body, chassis including suspension, brake system and steering, engines, gearboxes and axle drives. The paperwork has been divided into four chapters – Car body, Chassis, Engines and Transmission mechanisms. This work includes pictures and schematic sketches showing illustratively functional principals of separate units in passenger cars. It is sure that attentive reader will not miss that the physical covert sense is going through all chapters (air flow around car body, change of heat energy into mechanical energy, transmission of power from the engine through gearbox to wheels of the car).

Extract from a thesis.

David Krupička: Physics of dance parties

Main feature of my work is multifunctional effect device. Device is able to simulate most of well-known effects used on dance parties, which are possible to use not only on already mentioned dance parties, but also in education of physics, especially in optics or in expla-nation of function some used electronic elements. The work also contains user guide and description of components included in this device.

Extract from a thesis.

Daniel Lukeš: Pumped-storage hydroelectric plant

This long-term school-leaving project describes the function of the pumped-storage hydroelectric power stations. It is divided into three sections. The first section explains basic principle of a pump-storage hydroelectric power station and basic mechanical and electrotechnical components used in the pump-storage hydroelectric power stations. The second section of this project shows some of the common conclusions from the first section in the example of the Dlouhé Stráně hydroelectric power station and also contains brief characteristics of this power plant. The last section of my project describes construction a model of pump-storage hydroelectric power station.

Extract from a thesis.

Jiří Matoušek, Martin Nesrsta, Ondřej Pluhař: Animated electric and magnetic phenomena

The goal of this graduation project was to create multimedia software that would be used in physics courses at high schools, specifically in the electricity and magnetism lessons. The software features microscopic 3D computer-generated animations that show flow of a current through electrical components, as well as macroscopic computer-generated 3D animations of the same components. In addition, the software includes quizzes to test students’ knowledge and detailed texts to understand the topics.

Extract of text from a thesis and extract of animation and software.

Jakub Schneider: Physics of the human body (physics of senses)

This work contains a theorethical part, which deals with human senses from the point of view of physics. It interconnects the theory of physics concerning the given sense with its detailed description from the point of view of medicine. Various defects of individual sense organs are stated and explained herein as well as many interesting facts regarding the given sense or sense organ. A series of experiments in connection with individual senses, describing their function is depicted in the final part. Due to this work, everybody has the ability to understand, how the organs which mediate all information from the surrounding environment to us, work.

Extract from a thesis.

Jan Šimek: Cameras

This project is focused on physical aspects of photography and related equipment. Part of project is pinhole camera, which shall serve as model of camera.

Extract from a thesis.

Martin Všetička: Multimedial Encyclopedia of Physics

The paper describes creation and unique features of Multimedial Encyclopedia of Physics which aim is to provide a learning material in such a form that it will be worth for different groups of people interested in physics. Therefore the user interface is intent on simplicity, lucidity and effective searching of information. Audio and video recordings should serve for deeper understanding of given problems instead of memorizing the texts.

Extract from a thesis.

Česky English

© Jaroslav Reichl, 14. 4. 2013